This allowed Moros to be a survivor as the environment

  nged. For 15 million years, tyrannosaurs were restricted to this smaller size before evolvin

g into giants (about 12 feet tall and 11,000 to 15,500 pounds) over a 16 million-year period.

  ”Although the earliest Cretaceous tyrannosaurs were small, their predatory specializations mea

nt that they were primed to take advantage of new opportunities when warming tem

peratures, rising sea-level and shrinking ranges restructured ecosystems at the beginning of the Late Cr

etaceous,” Zanno said. “We now know it took them less than 15 million years to rise to power.”

  Moros is most closely related to tyrannosaurs from Asia, which helped the researchers trace the dinosaurs’ lineage. Thi

s means Moros crossed the Alaskan land bridge during the Early Cretaceous to reach North America.

  ”T. rex and its famous contemporaries such as Triceratops may be among our most beloved cultural ico

ns, but we owe their existence to their intrepid ancestors who migrated here from Asia at least 30 million years prior,” Za

nno said. “Moros signals the establishment of the iconic Late Cretaceous ecosystems of North America.”

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Could squid protein be an eco-friendly answer to our pl

  More than 8 million tons of plastic ends up in our oceans each year, killing marine life and da

maging ecosystems. But the same seas might also hold the key to reducing plastic pollution.

  Proteins found in squid can be used to create sustainable alternative

s to plastics, according to a report published in Frontiers in Chemistry on Thursday.

  Squid grasp their prey using suction cups on their tentacles and arm

s. The cups are equipped with sharp “ring teeth” that hold the food in place. The teeth are made

from proteins that are similar to silk, and these have become the subject of scientific interest in the last few years.

  Melik Demirel, of Pennsylvania State University, is lead author of the new report, which revie

ws existing research on materials made from these proteins. He says his team has produced pro

totypes of fibers, coatings and 3D objects made from the squid ring teeth (SRT) proteins.

  Demirel says these natural materials are biodegradable — and could provide an “excellent” alternative to plastics.

  The SRT proteins can be produced in the laboratory using genetically engineered ba

cteria, which means they don’t need to use any squid. The process is based on fermentation, using sugar, water and oxygen.

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According to the researchers, SRT proteins have “remarkable

  properties” and materials made from them are elastic, flexible and strong. They also have therm

al, self-healing and electrical conducting capabilities, which gives the potential for some new applications.

  The massive floating device created to clean up plastic in the ocean has broken

  One could be to create a self-healing, recyclable fabric by making a coati

ng that is resistant to damage caused by washing machines. That could reduce the number of

clothing microfibers that end up being washed into the oceans, which contributes to microplastic pollution.

  SRT proteins could also be used to make protective clothing for chemical and biological warfare agents, say the researchers.

  As well as polluting our oceans, plastics have been found to emit greenhouse gases when they degrade.

  Cigarette filters are the No.1 plastic pollutant … and don’t prevent cancer

  ”I am a polymer scientist and want to minimize plastic pollution and create environmental sustainability,” explains Demirel.

  Demirel acknowledges that more work is needed to scale up production of the materials. Synthetic SRT p

roteins currently cost at least $100 a kg to produce, but he hopes to bring the price down to a tenth of that.

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Second, capital outflow pressure has been gradually allevia

Since October 2018, emerging markets have once again gained favor from international capital.

In this context, the MSCI expansion of A shares and the inclusion of A shares into the FTSE Em

erging Markets Index will likely happen in 2019, with foreign investment attracted by such major international o

pportunities. Latest data showed that in the fourth quarter of 2018, net inflow of direct investment by overseas financial ins

titutions soared to $2.14 billion, marking the highest level since the third quarter of 2015. Thanks to the overseas investment inflow, China’s capital ou

tflow pressure is expected to continue to be eased in 2019, thus reducing the restraint on its monetary policy.

Third, the yuan’s exchange rate continued to return to its normal valuation. In the long

run, the yuan’s rate reflects changes in China’s economic fundamentals, with two-way fluctuations surrounding its eq

uilibrium exchange rate. In the third quarter of 2018, the effective exchange rate of the yuan was greatly lower than the equilibrium rate. I

n the fourth quarter, the yuan’s rate rebounded slightly, indicating the effective exchange rate had started to r

eturn to its equilibrium level. Due to the still existing gap between the effective rate and equilibrium rate, there is room

for the yuan’s rate to return to its valuation, conducive to further buffering of the external exchange rate risk.

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Peking University’s Guanghua School of Management on Sat

turday announced its decision to expel Zhai from its post-doctoral station.

The review of Zhai’s admissions materials during the interview and recruiting process was lax, the university said in the statement.

There is no tolerance for academic misconduct which infringes on educational equality. Investigations into the cas

e should not only about one person, but extend to related working procedures, a spokesperson for the Mi

istry of Education said at a routine press conference on Friday in response to Zhai’s scandal.

The scandal broke out two weeks ago and refused to die down after angry net

izens condemned not only the academic fraud but also the damage done by renowned C

hinese universities to fair education opportunities by opening a “backdoor” to the rich and powerful.

The scandal raised alarm bells at BFA, Peking University and all higher education institutions,

which should strengthen regulations over academic management, Chu Zhaohui, a research fel

low at the National Institute of Education Sciences, told the Global Times on Tuesday.

Without giving specific names, Chu said some universities have already started internal investigations and reforms. “Conferral of illegitimately-earned de

grees has a long history in China, and some of the degree holders are in high positions in government or industry,” he said.

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Harvesting mallows rings a bell. It reminds me of the good

old days when my family and I lived in a village. It is a traditional food to eat but it has some special memories to me when I was a child,” he said.

In Salahudin Province in northeastern Iraq, on the road leading to Tikrit, the provincial capital

near Kirkuk, there were several families harvesting mallows. Some were planning to sell the harvest.

Some of the elderly, suffering from chronic disease, such as diabete

s and blood pressure, seek mallows as the best food for their medical cases.

Dawood Ghanem, 55, a farmer, said mallows this year flourished in Iraq, thanks to the heavy rains and marvelous weather.

“People living in the cities, especially the poor ones, come to the villages and harvest mallows for food,” he said.

Eissa Kamel Abu Abbas, a grocer in Baquba market, said many families collect mallows to sell.

“We resell them at 750 dinars (63 cents) per kilogram.”

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Many private enterprises pledged equity to borrow money

stock or real estate investment, instead of investing in their main business, which is not recommended. What we should encourage is tha

t companies should finance R&D and technology, which is conducive to economic development.

Cai Fang, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

What lies behind the economic slowdown is the disappearance of the demographic dividend, which has ca

used a decline in the potential growth rate, meaning there is no longer a gap between actual growth rat

es and potential rates. Now, the natural unemployment rate has climbed from 4 to 5 percent, indicating there is no cyc

lical unemployment at present and thus excessive strong stimulus is unnecessary.

The government should focus policymaking on public employment services like

training and appropriately use macroeconomic policy tools to regulate the economy.

Lou Jiwei, chairman of the National Council for Social Security Fund

Industrial policy played a certain role in the early economic developmen

t stage, but later, the actual role of industrial policy was not all positive. Take the auto ind

ustry as an example. The current “big three” private car manufa

cturers have basically broken the constraints of industrial policies to grow up.

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But Myanmar still has some obstacles to deal with in order

attract foreign capital. The first is instability in the job market and relatively low labor efficiency. Particularly, the recent years have seen an increasing number of strikes and the failure of the g

overnment to ease industrial relations conflicts with effective measures has crippled investor confidence in the country. Some foreign ent

erprises even withdrew from Myanmar and shifted to neighboring countries, denting the image of the nation.

Second, Myanmar’s backward infrastructure may deter potential investors. A small nu

mber of power generation facilities and fragmented grids cannot ensure stable and sufficient po

wer supply. Access to electricity is limited to only 26 percent of the population, impeding Myanmar’s economic development.

Third, some Myanmese are prejudiced against foreign investment. Worrying that Myanmar’s eco

nomic and social interests may be impaired, they turned their backs on foreign investment. Demonstrators r

allied in Kachin State to demand the government permanently halt the Myitsone dam project, without giving any constructive suggestion on the fo

llow-up arrangements. It’s fair to say some movements against foreign-invested projects, driven by nationalism an

d so-called environmental concern, are of no help in improving the country’s investment environment, and have hijacked economic development. Re

specting the spirit of the contract is a basic requirement for modern states and their people. Myanmar State Councilor Aun

g San Suu Kyi recently said an administration shouldn’t terminate foreign-invested projects approved by its predecessor.

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Nevertheless, it should be made clear that despite the external

 pressures, it is actually a need for China’s economic development, at the current stage, to further open up markets. Thus, the c

ountry’s accelerated opening-up is not only the response to the external risks, but also a key step in transforming pressures into new growth momentum.

So far, the openness of China’s manufacturing sector is relatively high, especially compared to the degree of ope

nness in the service industry, with foreign ownership limits and license restrictions set in such sectors like m

edical care, education, express delivery and others. Since the overall manufacturing sector is now basically opening up,

there is a high possibility that China will expand the opening of the service industry in the near future. Specifically, finance, medical care, education

and elderly care are all potential sectors that could see greater market access, as the current Chinese society is also in need of these services.

In other words, China has already got the basic conditions for further opening up of its service industry. With the country’s

per capita GDP exceeding $9,000, the proportion of residents’ basic living consumption has declined, while the co

nsumption demand for information, culture, medical care, education, elderly care, entertainment and other services has increased.

Some observers, however, have been concerned about the impact of increased opening-up on the domestic services industry. It is

undeniable that such an impact is inevitable, but it should be viewed as the pressure to stimulate the innovation and

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Nigerians express disappointment at postponement of g

Nigerians on Saturday expressed disappointment at the electoral body’s postponem

ent of the presidential election few hours to the commencement of voting in the country.

Mahmood Yakubu, chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), announced the shift

ing of the polls until Feb. 23 at a midnight press conference, saying the scheduled proceeding of the voting was not “feasible.”

“Following a careful review of the implementation of its logistics and operational plan and

the determination to conduct free, fair, and credible elections, the Commission came to the co

nclusion that proceeding with the elections as scheduled is no longer feasible,” Yakubu said.

Likewise, the electoral body postponed gubernatorial elections in the country, earlier slated for March 2, also by one week.

Although Nigerians are used to elections being postponed, the postp

onement of this year’s presidential polls in the country was greeted by criticism.

The governing All Progressives Congress (APC) Presidential Campaign Council said i

t received with great disappointment and disillusionment the announcement of the postponement of the election by the electoral body.

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